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Extinct Dog Breeds: 15 Breeds You Probably Don’t Know

By Odie Guest Contributor on July 20, 2020

Brought to you by the writers at Sugar Pet Shop.

Dogs have various breeds in which you may never have heard before. Sadly, these dog breeds may no longer exist in the modern world. Dogs tend to disappears out of sight due to people no longer find these dogs fashionable or no longer needed in the household. In this article, I am going to provide you with information about 15 extinct dog breeds.

Fifteen Dog Breeds that have Become Extinct

These extinct dog breeds have taken from various countries and cities that no longer extinct in the world. As decades passes by, people have changed their routines of keeping dogs in their household. To know the fifteen extinct dog breeds mention below:

English White Terrier (aka Old English Terrier)

Photo Credit: EasyPetMd

The English terrier existed in the UK back in the 18th century and underwent major changes in the breed. In the late 1980s, the English White terrier was born out of the need to make some breeders create new species. These new species have created from versions of the small white terrier with prick ears. These pricked eared dogs such as Fox terrier, Jack Russell terrier, Boston terrier and Rat terrier became a huge existence in the UK and the US. These terriers were the dominant breeds. The English terrier could not sustain the interest in the public for long and has erased. The UK Kennel Club rejected the breed due to the failure of the project. By three decades after the creating, the English terrier became extinct.


Photo Credit: Wikipedia (Talbot Shrewsbury Book, British Library, Royal 15 E VI f. 2v)

Talbot existed in medieval times, which ‘Talbot’ used to refer to as an individual hound. This dog was very common in England and originated in Normandy. This type of dog uses as a hunting hound and depicted the animal characterized as mostly small or medium-sized dogs. Though Talbots have extinct, it said to believe that its descendants were still roaming around the Earth. The modern Beagle and Bloodhounds believed to be the ancestors of the Talbots. This breed became extinct in the late eighteenth century.

Salish Wool Dog (aka Woolly Dogs)

Salish Wool dog is what refers today as British Columbia. This dog used to refer to as Comox dog. As the name suggests, the Salish wood dog characterized by its white woolly fur and were small. This extinct breed created by the people of Washington State and British Columbia. With the absence of sheep at that time, people would shear the dog’s coats in early summer to make Salish blankets and other textiles. The fur of the wool dog was very thick and rich in texture.

Moscow Water Dog (aka Russian Newfoundland)

Photo Credit: RussianDog.net

Moscow water dog developed by the Russian army to perform water rescues. As the name suggests, Moscow water dog existed after World War II, which the temperament of the dog was aggressive. These dogs tended to bite sailors rather than pulling them to safety. By the 1980s, Moscow water dogs became extinct from the Newfoundland.

Tweed Water Spaniel

Photo Credit: DogLime

Tweed water spaniel originated in England. These dogs were brown with athletic tendencies. They inhabited the area around Berwick upon Tweed, which is close to River Tweed and the Scottish borders. As the name suggests, Tweed water spaniels were water dogs as these dogs were located around the river. Tweed water spaniels not well known for outside the local terrain. This breeds existed by cross-breeding with St. John’s water dog and local water dogs, which has extinct back in the 19th century.

Kuri Dog

Photo Credit: Stuff.co.nz

Kuri dog existed in New Zealand where the name Kuri came from the Maori tribes as their ancestors brought the dog breed while migrating from East Polynesia during the 13th century AD. The Kuri dog is one of the oldest breeds to have walked on the Earth and left behind many tales. The Maori tradition believed that the brother-in-law of the Maui transformed into the first dog. Kuri dogs became extinct in the 1860s when the European settlers began to flood into New Zealand. This extinct was due to the fact Kuri dogs could not survive to interbreed with European dogs.

Molossus Dog

Photo Credit: DogLime

Molossus dog was home for Ancient Greece, which known for Molossian hound or molosser. The existence of these dogs was very popular during Ancient Greece, which used as an image on the silver coinage issued as the emblem of the Molossians. The ancient literature confirmed the popularity of the Molossus dog often mentioned in various writings such as Statius, Aristotle, Virgil, Horace, Martial, Lucan, Seneca and other scholars. This dog marked its history of the Ancient Greek and used for fighting, hunting and protecting the house and livestock.    


Thylacine existed in Ancient Greek, which considered as the largest carnivorous known to man as far back as four million years ago. Thylacines were shy and nocturnal in which they share similarities with other animals such as tiger, kangaroo and wolf. It had stripes on the lower back like a tiger, abdominal pouches like a kangaroo and candid features like a wolf. Although the animal did not look like a dog and became extinct for various reasons such as hunting, diseases, the introduction of dogs and the invasion of humans who took over its habitat.

North Country Beagle (aka Northern Hound)

Photo Credit: EasyPetMD

North Country beagle originated in Yorkshire and Northumberland regions of England. The North Country Beagle was a breed of scent hound. The dog had known for its fast hunting abilities and its shrill voice. The breed was common for several centuries but extinct in the 19th century. This extinction was due to the competition from the English foxhound.  

St. John’s Water dog

Photo Credit: Wikipedia

St. John’s water dog was an early retriever with its origins dating back to Newfoundland in the 16th century. This water dog was the antecedent of Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers along with other breeds. It is the founding breeds, which it has known today as Newfoundland. This dog breed was the crossbreeding of Tweed water spaniel. This dog contributed to the creation of the modern Curly coated retriever and Golden retriever dog species.

Cumberland Sheepdog

The Cumberland sheepdog considered as the most favourite dog breed of Lancelot Edward Lowther, the 6th Earl of Lonsdale. This dog existed in the family for more than a hundred years. By the beginning of the 20th century, the breed absorbed by the Border collie. In other words, the latter breed has absorbed the breeds. Cumberland sheepdogs claimed to be one of the ancestors of the Australian shepherd.

Alpine Mastiff

Photo Credit: Retriever Man

Alpine Mastiff was one of the earliest dogs to attain a gigantic size. The dog originated from Northern Europe before 500 BC and recognized as the ancestor of the St. Bernard breed. This also contributed to the modern Mastiff with pet calming bed for cats. The largest Mastiff may have measured more than 1 m (39 in) at the shoulder and weighing up to 160 kg (350 lbs.) Since the 1970s, attempts made to crossbreed of Saint Bernard, Great Dane and the Bernese mountain dog.

Brazilian Tracker

Photo Credit: Mascotarios.org

The Brazilian Kennel Club first recognized Brazilian tracker in 1967. Six years later, disease outbreaks the Brazilian tracker and an overdose of insecticides have made the dog breed to extinct. This hunting breed likened to the American Coonhound.

Blue Paul Terrier (aka Scottish Blue Paul)

Photo Credit: Canine Heritage

Blue Paul terrier refers to as many names such as Scottish bull terrier, Blue poll and Blue poll bulldog. This breed originated from Scotland and was the descendant of a bulldog and terrier through crossbreeding that may include other similar dogs. This breed was popular in Scotland back in the mid-19 century but when the popularity frizzled in the early 20th century. The Blue Paul terrier became extinct. 

Bullenbeisser (aka German Bulldog)

Photo Credit: Dogington Post

Bullenbeisser refer to as German bulldog. This was a breed in Germany before it was extinct. Bullenbeisser crossbred out of the existence just like the Old English Bulldog. A cross of Bullenbeissers with Bulldogs brought from Britain coordinated by German breeders. They created a new breed in the 1870s, which known today as Boxer.

Final Thoughts

Here are the 15 extinct dog breeds that you never knew it existed on Earth. You can see these dog breeds became extinct due to the sudden changes of their habitat and crossbred with other dogs to remain for its existence from its ancestors.

No matter what dog you have, make sure you always have the right insurance for your pet!




Fatima Bhutta is an avid reader about cats and likes to blog about various content projects. Her other hobbies include reading and drawing. Working as a content writer for several months, Fatima has discovered new topics that readers can share to their friends and relatives. Educated at University of Bolton in Business, Fatima has decent knowledge about digital marketing which is the reason she likes content writing.

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